‡Gunub (Sueda)

- Exchange of resources -

The water at ‡Gunub was too salty for human consumption. The next “shebeen” (as waterholes were sometimes jocularly referred to – shebeens being informal and unregulated township bars) was ‡Kharitsaub (Charitsaub), less than two kilometres away. But places like ‡Gunub were nevertheless useful to the Hai||om, as they provided them with salt, an important exchange resource.

Kadisen Khumub collecting salt at ‡Gunub

Kadisen ||Khumub collecting salt at ‡Gunub

Families living closer to the pan could exchange salt for other valuable resources, for example !khores (Adenium boehmianum), the plant from which arrow poison was extracted; !khores grew further south in the park, and was harvested by families living in those areas. Salt could also be exchanged with Oshiwambo-speaking people, who regularly came to Etosha bearing commodities such as tobacco and mahangu (pearl millet, Pennisetum glaucum), and seeking salt and ostrich egg shells.

Animals of the Hai||om

Many utensils and tools necessary for daily life were made out of animal material. Find a complete list of the animlas which were used by the Hai||om.


Plants of the Hai||om

The Hai||om know hundred of plants for many uses, for example as bush food, medicine and poison for their arrows.


Places of the Hai||om

Before the Hai||om had access to drilled boreholes, the hunter-gatherers were profoundly reliant on natural water sources, where they often erected their permanent settlements.

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